Written by Ana Canteli on 20 February 2023
Cybersecurity is a set of measures and techniques designed to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information stored and processed in digital systems. It also protects computer systems, networks, devices, and data from unauthorized access, malicious use, modification, destruction, or theft.
These attributes are discussed below.
Confidentiality in cybersecurity refers to protecting information from unauthorized access and use by nonauthorized persons or systems. Confidentiality is vital in cybersecurity because many types of information, such as financial data, intellectual property, and personal information, are valuable and can be subject to theft, espionage, or sabotage. It is also essential to comply with laws and regulations related to data privacy, such as the Personal Data Protection Act. Confidentiality is achieved by implementing appropriate cybersecurity measures such as encryption, authentication, and network segmentation.
In cybersecurity, integrity protects information against unauthorized manipulation, modification, or alteration. Integrity ensures that data remains as it was created and is not modified, destroyed, or tampered with by unauthorized persons or by accident. Integrity is vital because incorrect or manipulated information can harm businesses and individuals. In addition, integrity is essential for compliance with laws and regulations related to data accuracy, such as the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Integrity can be ensured by implementing appropriate security measures such as access controls, clear policies and procedures, and integrity verification technologies such as digital signatures.
For cybersecurity, availability means accessing information and resources promptly and without unscheduled interruptions. Availability is vital to ensure that information and services are always available to authorized users, which is essential for business continuity and stakeholder satisfaction.
Availability is threatened by various risks, such as denial of service (DoS) attacks, technical failures, human error, and natural disasters. These risks can affect a company's ability to provide services to customers and can negatively affect the company's reputation.
Appropriate security measures must be implemented, such as implementing IT infrastructure redundancy, contingency and disaster recovery plans, and data backup and recovery solutions. In addition, it is vital to continuously monitor the availability of information and resources, to detect and address any disruption as early as possible, and functionalities such as subscription and reporting can address these demands for monitoring and control.
Cybersecurity covers many disciplines, from cryptography and authentication to threat detection and response, risk management, and user training.
Today, cyber security is a primary concern worldwide due to the growing number of cyber threats, such as ransomware, phishing attacks, identity theft, hacking, and cyber espionage. Cybersecurity is essential to ensure privacy and information security and to maintain trust in digital systems in the business world and everyday life.
Each of these threats is discussed below.
Ransomware is malware that encrypts a victim's data and demands a ransom to unlock it. The goal of ransomware is to obtain money from victims, and payment is often requested in cryptocurrencies to make it harder to track. Ransomware can infect a device by downloading an infected file, opening a malicious email, or visiting a compromised website. When the ransomware infects the device, it encrypts the data and displays a ransom note on the device's screen, indicating that the user must pay a ransom to regain access to their data.
Appropriate security measures should be implemented to protect against ransomware, such as installing anti-virus and anti-malware software, performing regular backups, and implementing network security measures such as firewalls and email filtering. In addition, it is essential to educate users on safe browsing and email management practices; and to plan to respond to possible ransomware attacks.
Phishing is a cybercrime technique used by attackers to trick people into obtaining sensitive information, such as usernames, passwords, financial information, and other personal and confidential information. Phishing is usually done by sending fake emails that appear legitimate and asking the recipient to provide sensitive information.
To protect against phishing is crucial to be aware of the warning signs; do not click on suspicious links or provide sensitive information in response to unsolicited emails; and verify the sender's legitimacy. Keep your security software updated, and make regular backups of essential data.
Document management software can be essential to an organization's cybersecurity strategy, including user training and awareness. Users must be trained to detect fraudulent emails and messages and to follow recommended cybersecurity practices.
Identity theft in cybersecurity refers to the illegal use of another person's personal information to carry out illicit online activities. Methods used for online identity theft can include phishing, malware, spyware, and other cyber attacks. To protect against identity theft is vital to take online security measures. Use strong passwords, avoid sharing personal information online, use caution when clicking on unknown links, keep security software up to date - and regularly review bank statements and financial transactions for suspicious activity.
Phishing and identity theft are two related but distinct cybersecurity terms. While phishing is an attack in which attackers attempt to obtain personal or confidential information from individuals, identity theft is the illegal use of another person's data to conduct illicit activities. Phishing can be used for identity theft, but not all cases involve phishing.
Hacking is finding and exploiting weaknesses in computer systems or networks to gain unauthorized access or make unauthorized modifications. Hackers may have different objectives, such as stealing data, altering systems or networks, disrupting services, spying, or sabotaging.
Document management software can help protect against hacking by including robust security features such as access control, data encryption, auditing and monitoring functionality, and regular software updates.
Cyber espionage is when attackers use computer techniques to gather confidential or secret information from individuals, organizations, or governments. Cyber espionage attacks can take many forms and target businesses, government and military organizations, or individuals possessing valuable or confidential information.
Document management software can be an important tool to help protect against cyber espionage because it is used to securely store and manage an organization's critical documents and files, helping to protect them against unauthorized access. It can include security measures such as user authentication, permissions management, and user activity tracking. In addition, document management software can consist of additional security features, such as data encryption, which can help protect documents and critical information from cyber espionage.
Document management is important in cyber security because documents and information are valuable targets for cybercriminals. Electronic files, such as emails, contracts, financial reports, and other records, are particularly vulnerable to cyber-attacks. Therefore, it is essential to implement a secure and effective document management plan to protect information against cyber threats and risks.
Secure document management involves controlling and protecting documents and information throughout their lifecycle, from creation and storage to disposal. Security measures include authentication, authorization, encryption, classification and tracking of documents, management of access rights, and implementation of retention and disposal policies. In addition, secure document management also involves training employees in safe document handling practices and promoting a culture of cyber security throughout the organization.
Document management software can improve a company's cybersecurity by offering various security features and functions. Here are some of how document management software can improve a company's cybersecurity:
User training is an essential part of any cybersecurity strategy. Some topics that can be included in user training courses are:
User education should be an ongoing process, as cybersecurity is a constantly evolving issue, and users need to be updated on the latest threats and how to protect themselves.
As you can see, when we care about cybersecurity, we can address many issues and challenges by making the right decisions. If you want to but don't know how or are clear about what to do but lack funding, the Kit Digital program subsidizes up to €6000 for the cybersecurity plan you want to implement in your company.
OpenKM is a Digitalising agent of the Kit Digital program. If you want to know how to get help, contact us.
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